Dental sealants are a special plastic coating applied on molars and premolars to prevent tooth decay and deterioration. The sealants act as a barrier and protect the teeth from decay.
Why are dental sealants required?
Thorough brushing and flossing are good practices to maintain oral hygiene. However, these are not enough to protect molars and premolars with narrow grooves known as fissures. These fissures are narrow, deep pockets that are difficult to reach even with the thinnest of toothbrush bristles and dental floss. Consequently, these regions become plaque depositories, and the acid from the bacteria present in the plaque attacks enamel and corrodes it. This can lead to the development of cavities, which can ultimately end up in tooth removal. Dental sealants settle in these fissures, protecting them from plaque accumulation and form smooth surfaces that are easy to clean. The fluorides in the dental sealants protect the tooth enamel and cover all the surfaces of the teeth.
Who requires dental sealants?
Typically, dental sealants are applied on to the permanent teeth when they first appear. Therefore, dental sealants are generally applied to children in the age of 6-14 to help protect their molars and premolars from developing cavities. However, adults without decays and filling in their molars and premolars can also benefit from the application of dental sealants.
How are dental sealants applied?
The process of dental sealants application takes only a few minutes and is a painless procedure. Here is what happens in the process:
- The process begins with a thorough cleaning of the teeth and removal of any plaque that might have developed.
- Post cleaning, each tooth is dried using an absorbent material such as cotton
- The clean teeth are then subjected to an acid solution that is put only on the eating surfaces of the teeth. The acid roughens the surface up and enables sealant to bond quickly with the teeth.
- The teeth are then once again rinsed and dried to get rid of the acid
- The dental sealant is then applied onto the teeth enamel, where it hardens. At times, the dentist might use a curing blue light to speed up the sealant hardening process.
For the best quality dental sealants, visit 7707 West Lane Suite B, Stockton, CA 95210, or book an appointment with us at (209) 952-9290.